To register a ground rent or make changes to an existing registration use the forms below:


Mail forms above to:
State Dept. of Assessments and Taxation
Ground Rent Division
301 W. Preston Street, 8th Floor
Baltimore, MD 21201​

To view ground rent registrations on file with the Department:
1. Search the Real Property Database.
2. At the top of the property display page choose the link Ground Rent Registration.
3. To view the scanned registration document click on the Acknowledgement Number.

Ground​ Rent Extinguishment
Certificate of Invalidation​

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If you have questions about the SDAT
Residential Ground Rent Programs call or email:
Email: sdat.groundrent@maryland.gov​
Telephone: 410-767-1151
*
Email is the quickest way to reach us


Financial Assistance with Redeeming A Ground Lease
A program has been established by the Maryland General Assembly to provide loans to eligible homeowners to redeem ground leases. For more information contact the Department of Housing & Community Development Ground Rent Redemption Loans
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 Ground Rent

Redeem a Ground Rent

Most ground rents are redeemed as a private transaction between the ground rent holder and the ground rent tenant. An attorney or title company should be consulted to assist with this matter. A ground rent tenant may, however, choose to redeem the property and to create a ground rent redemption deed without the benefit of an attorney, but the ground rent tenant must draft the deed.

A ground lease tenant may use the procedures prescribed by law and set forth below to redeem the ground lease through SDAT. This process will take at least 120 days to complete, and begins once the Notice of Intent to Redeem is posted or when the owner of the ground rent is notified in writing by certified mail.​

  1. Determine if a ground rent redemption filing has been made for a specific property.
    The link above directs to SDAT’s online Real Property database where property records and ground rent filings may be viewed through links at the top of the display page.

  2. Notify the owner of the ground rent of the intent to redeem the ground rent through SDAT. The notice must be in writing and mailed both by first class mail and by certified mail, return receipt requested at least thirty (30) days prior to submitting a Ground Rent Redemption Application.

  3. If, and only if, the address of the ground rent owner is unknown, post the Notice of Application For A Ground Rent Redemption This Notice must be posted in a conspicuous place on the property for (30) days.  
  4. ​(a) Post the Notice of Application For A Ground Rent Redemption​.  This Notice must be posted in a conspicuous place on the property for thirty (30) days; and
    (b) Prepare an affidavit setting forth the tenant’s good faith efforts to investigate and discover the last known address of the landlord.​​

  5. Complete an Application For Residential Ground Rent Redemption

  6. Mail your completed documents to SDAT **OR** mail sdat.groundrent@maryland.gov​​
    to set an appointment at the SDAT office to drop off the documents for departmental review. Appointments are presently set on Thursdays between 10:30 AM and 3:00 PM. Flings must include the following: ​​

        (b) A copy of the deed that created the ground rent - this is separate from any document​ that establishes the homeowner's interest in the property​

        (c) A copy of the homeowner’s deed to the property

        (d) A check for the processing fee made payable to SDAT in the amount of​​

        ​​Fee Option #1: $20 for regular processing via mail;

      Fee Option #2: $70 for expedited processing via mail; or 

      Fee Option #3: $70 for expedited processing via an appointment (no more than 3 applications per customer in one day).

      (e) If ground rent payments have been made in the past three years, provide a copy of the canceled check for each transaction.

      (f) 1. A copy of the notice that was sent to the owner of the ground rent and the return receipt from the United States Post Office; or

      2. If the last known address of the landlord is unknown, provide an affidavit setting forth the tenant’s good faith efforts to investigate and discover the last known address of the landlord.
      Note: It is helpful, but not required, to bring a copy of the notice that was posted on the property and/or clear photographs of the notice posted in a conspicuous place on the property.

  7. After ninety (90) days, ​​​​​mail your completed documents to SDAT **OR** email sdat.groundrent@maryland.gov​​​ to set an appointment, at the SDAT office, to drop off the documents for departmental review. The filing must include the following: 
     
    ​​​​​a. ​​​A certified chec​k for the total redemption amount b. ​A completed Affidavit of Certificate of Redemption
  8. Note: When the process is complete, SDAT will issue a Certificate of Redemption. SDAT does not provide notice of the expiration of the 90-day waiting period described in #6. After receipt, the certificate must be filed in the land records of the local jurisdiction. **SDAT does not record this document** The ground rent tenant may also have to pay transfer taxes to the jurisdiction in which the property is located prior to recording the certificate in the local land records office. Please consult an attorney or title company for questions about this situation.

  9. View a listing of properties on which redemption applications have been made. The redemption reports are updated weekly. 

Ground Rent Registry

The State Department of Assessments and Taxation (SDAT) neither collects ground rent payment nor manages ground rent leases.  All registered ground rents are managed solely by the owner/agent.  The State Department of Assessments and Taxation has placed on its website a link from its real property system to the Ground Rent Registry in order to provide the statutory on-line database that allows users to determine if a ground lease is registered and if so, get specific information regarding the registered lease. 

In order to successfully register a property subject to a lease hold, in part, the name of the Grantee in the referenced deed must match the name of the lease holder identified on the application.  An application cannot be processed without this information and will be rejected.  Please note that SDAT is unable to provide assistance with title searches.

To view information regarding a property that is subject to a ground lease please visit http://sdat.dat.maryland.gov/RealProperty/Pages/default.aspx

The Department's duties and responsibilities respecting the registration of ground rents are ministerial.  In registering a ground rent or refusing to register a ground rent, the Department does not conclude the existence of a ground rent or lot and cannot determine or create an assumption that the information provided by the registrant is complete, current and accurate. SDAT and its employees and agents are immune from any liability resulting from inaccurate, incomplete, or illegible information submitted in a ground rent registration form.  If you require immediate verification of the status of a ground rent, please contact a legal professional for assistance. 

The Ground Rent Registry also provides information concerning each property for which an Application for a Ground Rent Redemption has been accepted by the Department. If a ground rent redemption filing exists, the registry will indicate that an Application for Ground Rent Redemption has been filed; whether the redemption amount has been paid and a Ground Rent Redemption Certificate has been issued; and if a payout has been authorized by the Department to the lease holder of record. 

Collection and Notice for Payment of Ground Rent

The owner of a ground lease may not collect a payment of a ground rent unless the ground lease is duly registered with SDAT and the statutory “Notice Required by Maryland Law Regarding Your Ground Rent” has been mailed to the residential property owner at least sixty (60) days before a payment is due.
Sample Notice

Payment Demand Notice for Ground Rent in Arrears
Sample Ground Rent Payment Demand Notice & Instructions.​

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