The State Department of Assessments and Taxation (SDAT) neither collects ground rent payment nor manages ground rent leases. All registered ground rents are managed solely by the owner/agent. The State Department of Assessments and Taxation has placed on its website a link from its real property system to the Ground Rent Registry in order to provide the statutory on-line database that allows users to determine if a ground lease is registered and if so, get specific information regarding the registered lease.
In order to successfully register a property subject to a lease hold, in part, the name of the Grantee in the referenced deed must match the name of the lease holder identified on the application. An application cannot be processed without this information and will be rejected. Please note that SDAT is unable to provide assistance with title searches.
To view information regarding a property that is subject to a ground lease please visit http://sdat.dat.maryland.gov/RealProperty/Pages/default.aspx.
The Department's duties and responsibilities respecting the registration of ground rents are ministerial. In registering a ground rent or refusing to register a ground rent, the Department does not conclude the existence of a ground rent or lot and cannot determine or create an assumption that the information provided by the registrant is complete, current and accurate. SDAT and its employees and agents are immune from any liability resulting from inaccurate, incomplete, or illegible information submitted in a ground rent registration form. If you require immediate verification of the status of a ground rent, please contact a legal professional for assistance.
The Ground Rent Registry also provides information showing each property for which a Notice of Application for a Ground Rent Redemption Where the Address of the Landlord is Unknown has been accepted by the Department. If a ground rent redemption filing exists, the registry will indicate that an Application for Ground Rent Redemption has been filed; whether the redemption amount has been paid and a Ground Rent Redemption Certificate has been issued; and if a payout has been authorized by the Department to the lease holder of record.
The owner of a ground lease may not collect a payment of a ground rent unless the ground lease is duly registered with SDAT and the statutory “Notice Required by Maryland Law Regarding Your Ground Rent” has been mailed to the residential property owner at least sixty (60) days before a payment is due.
Most ground rents are redeemed as a private transaction between the ground rent holder and the ground rent tenant. An attorney or title company should be consulted to assist with this matter. If you choose to redeem the property and to create a ground rent redemption deed without the benefit of an attorney, see the example of a Deed of Redemption that can be used as a guide. Blank deed forms are available below.
Blank redemption deed
Blank redemption deed (This form can be filled in on a computer)
If the owner of a single family residential property who is the tenant under a ground lease on the property has had no communication from the ground rent holder for three years or more, the ground lease tenant may use the procedure prescribed by law to redeem the ground lease by applying to SDAT. This process will take at least 120 days to complete and begins once the Notice of Intent to Redeem is posted.
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